How to minimize EMI impact on mission critical video surveillance
Electromagnetic interference can degrade the total performance of a video surveillance system. Therefore, the EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) of the electronic equipment should not be overlooked when a video surveillance system is applied to environments with high-voltages present, such as power plants, factories, transportation and infrastructure. In this Detektor Security Academy article, Detektor has employed the expert knowledge of Ethernet product company, Etherwan, in order to explain how both products and surveillance systems should be designed in terms in of EMC in order to negate any problems that may occur.
The EMC (electromagnetic compability) of the electronic equipment should not be overlooked when a video surveillance system is applied to high-voltage environments, such as powerplants, transportation systems or factories. Electromagnetic interference can degrade the total performance of a video surveillance system.
A tremendous amount of network devices may be required to build a complete video surveillance system, together with the complicated cabling networks that connect all the equipment. This may cause the complexity of electromagnetic interference and in turn may affect the performance of the system. There are, however, various solutions.
EMC relates to a level of electromagnetic radiation generated by any device that is neither interfering with other devices, nor being interfered with, by electromagnetic radiation generated from other devices. EMC includes two aspects: the first one is EMI, which refers to a device that operates within an environment in which its electromagnetic radiation cannot exceed a certain limit. The second aspect is electromagnetic sensitivity, which refers to the EMI or electromagnetic immunity of a device.
Transportation systems such as trains and subways are operated by electric power. Environments outside the cabin, the electronic equipment in the cabin, the main transformer substation and the backup transformer substations along the rail and other electrical substations can be a source of electromagnetic interference. The main electrical system provides the power for railway carriages to operate on. The auxiliary power system processes the electrical power and distributes it to electronic equipment installed on railway carriages. Due to the fact that the on board units on railway carriages have higher voltage input, besides resisting the EMI of other equipment, it is also crucial to sustain the huge electromagnetic radiation generated by railway carriages themselves. When communication equipment is installed within such a complicated environment, testing the electronic equipment becomes increasingly more important.
Compliant with EMC Standards
A key index of the quality and performance of a network product is compliance with a high EMC standard. In addition, EMC design for the components and PCBA also needs to be taken into consideration. Taking substations for example, when the high-voltage converter, circuit breaker and relays are operating, they will step up the voltage to several hundred thousand volts, which may generate huge EMI to devices in a substation causing unpredictable damages.
Five key considerations when designing EMC Products
1. Selection of Components
In a high EMI environment like substations or railway systems, heat and EMI are two crucial factors that cause failures of communication products. The excessive heat coming from the electronic components in an enclosed environment will increase the temperature inside the cabinet. Also, the EMI will result in communication noises or even signal loss. Therefore, parts should be selected from active to passive components (resistor and capacitor) with high MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures) and wide temperature endurance range to ensure the products will have a normal operation under high temperature conditions.
2. Professional circuit design
Aiming at special electromagnetic sensitivity environments such as power plants and railways, the design of the circuit and PCBA board focuses on resistance of surge current; therefore, rich experience in designing safe spacing and the circuit is necessary.
3. Testing levels and strict manufacturing standards
Regardless of commercial grade or industrial grade, in the stage of design verification, all the products should be tested in an environmental simulation laboratory for temperature and EMC tests. Before the shipment, the product should go through a long period of burn-in test, to ensure the product can work under high workload environments.
4. Third party test reports
Products should pass and obtain multiple third party certifications based on different requirements in different markets.
Here are some of them:
• EN61000-6-2/EN61000-6-4: Immunity requirements for electrical and electronic apparatus used in industrial environments.
• EN55022/EN55024: European limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information technology equipment
• IEC61850-3/IEEE1613: For power substations
• EN50121-4: Railway applications – Electromagnetic compatibility – Part 4: emission and immunity of the signalling and telecommunications apparatus
• EN50155: Railway applications – Electronic equipment used on rolling stock NEMA TS2: Environmental requirements for Traffic control equipment
5. Warranty and after sales service from your supplier
It is also essential to ensure that the supplier offers long term product warranties with complete pre-sales technical consulting and after sales service.
Etherwan specialise in the design and manufacture of Ethernet switches, media converters, Ethernet extenders and Power over Ethernet (PoE) products for applications where connectivity is crucial.
About the sponsor
Etherwan Systems Inc. is a leading manufacturer of hardened Ethernet, PoE, and fiber connectivity products specifically designed for harsh and demanding environments. Founded in 1996 in Irvine, California, now with Pacific Rim headquarters and manufacturing in Taipei, Taiwan, Etherwan specializes in the design and manufacture of Ethernet switches, media converters, Ethernet extenders and power over Ethernet products for applications where connectivity is crucial.
Original Article from Security World Hotel: